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自然和诱发的高温环境有哪些?

来源:精秀热工 浏览: 发布日期:2018-12-17

ZHUANGBEI(CHANPIN)SUOJINGSHOUDEGAOWENHUANJINGTIAOJIANLAIZITAMENSUOJINGSHOUDEDAQI(PINGTAIHUANJING)TIAOJIAN。JIUDAQITIAOJIANERYAN,ZAIQIXIANGXUESHANG,RIPINGJUNQIWENGAOYUHUODENGYU+35℃(GAIWENDUSHIZHILIDI(CAOPING)1.2~1.8MI,BAIYEXIANGNEIDEWENDU),JIWEIGAOWENTIANQI。


1、我国的高温环境


ZAIWOGUO,ZUIGAODAQIWENDUJILUJIZHIRUXIA:TULUFANDIQUDEAIDINGHUWEI+50.6℃,TULUFANMINHANGJICHANGWEI+49.6℃,XINJIANGDETULUFANWEI+47.7℃,ZHONGQINGWEI+44℃,LUOYANGWEI+44℃,JIANGXIXIUSHUIWEI+44℃,NANJINGWEI+43℃,ZHANGSHAWEI+43℃,WUHANWEI+41.3℃,NANCHANGWEI+41℃,2013NIANZAIZHEJIANGCEDAODEZUIGAOWENDUWEI+43.1℃。ZAISHANGSHUDIQU,NIANPINGJUNDEGAOWENRIDA50~70TIAN,JIUGAOWENHUANJINGTIAOJIANERYAN,YIBANSHIQU1%DECHUXIANGAILV(FENGXIANLV)。


ANQUANGUOZUIGAODAQIWENDUJILUJIZHI+50.6℃CHUXIANGAILV,DECHUBIAO3-1。


表3-1全国最高大气温度出现概率


序号给定温度(℃)出现概率(风险率)%
1+40.020
2+42.910
3+44.15
4+45.51


2、全球的高温环境


2015NIAN7YUE31RIYILANGHUQISITANSHENGMAHEFUHEERGANGDEWENDUDA74℃,ZHEISHIYOUQIXIANGJILUYILAIJIQIHANJIANDEGAOWEN,MEIGUOAKUQIXIANGGONGSIQIXIANGXUEZHUANJIAANNIDONGNISALIYAGANKAIDISHUO:ZHEISHITASUOCEDAODEZUIBUKESIYIDEWENDU。DANQUANQIUZUIGAODAQIWENDUJILUJIZHIWEIDANGJINGONGRENDE+58C,QU1%DECHUXIANGAILV(FENGXIANLV)+49℃。ZHONGSUOZHOUZHI,SHIJIDEGAOWENSHIYANWENDUDOUGAOYUCIWENDU,YINWEIGAOWENKAOLVDESHIYOUFAWENDU,JIANBIAO3-1、BIAO3-2、BIAO3-3。MIL-STD-810FHEGJB899AZHONGYOULIANGGECHANGJIANDEYOUFAWENDU:+71℃HE+85℃。TAMENKAOLVDESHITAIYANGFUSHEHUOQITAREYUANYINQIDEWENSHENG,LIRU:BUTONGFENGDEZHAOTINEI、FENGBIDECHETINEI、FEIJISHANGYOUBAOLUYUTAIYANGZHISHEXIABIAOMIANDECANGDUANNEI、ZHANGPENGNEI、MIBIDEFANBUXIADENG。


3、诱发温度


ZHONGSUOZHOUZHI,DUICHANPINZAIXIAJICUNCHUHEYUNSHUZHONGDEWENDUDOUYINGGAOYUYOUFAWENDU,YINWEICUNCHUHEYUNSHUZHONGKENENGYUDAODEGAOWENKAOLVDEJIUSHIYOUFAWENDU。BIAO3-2SUOSHI1976NIANXIAJIHANGDINGWEICEDEDEYOUFAWENDUKEZUOWEIDIANXINGSHILI。


表3-2诱发温度与同一时刻大气温度对比


序号停放点电子舱内诱发温度(℃)同一时刻大气温度(℃)
1新疆 吐鲁番明航机场+64.7+47.6
2南昌 向塘机场+60.7+41
3长沙 大托铺机场+57.1+43


2013NIANXIAJIWENDUHENGAO,JU《BEIJINGWANBAO》BAODAO,YUEYECHEZAIDAQIWENDUWEI+35℃DEYEWAITINGFANG6XIAOSHIHOU,CHENEIWENDUWEI+67.3℃.


DUIYUGAOWENQIHOUYINSU,MEIGUOJIANGQUANSHIJIEDIQUFENWEIJIBENREHERELIANGLEIQIHOULEIXING,ZAIJICHUDAQIWENDUDETONGSHIYEJICHULEYOUFAWENDU,JIANBIAO3-3.


表3-3高温日循环温度变化范围一览表


气候类型地理位置周围空气(℃)诱发温度(℃)
基本热亚洲、美国、墨西哥、非洲、澳大利亚、南非、南美、西班牙和西南亚外延的世界许多地方30-4030-63
北非、中东、巴基斯坦和印度、美国西南部和莫斯哥北部32-4033-71
 注:诱发条件是设备在南极的存储或者运输情况下可能,可能暴露其于其中的空气温度条件


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